Home Health Enlarged Prostate: Things to Avoid for Better Health

Enlarged Prostate: Things to Avoid for Better Health

enlarged prostate
enlarged prostate

Medically Reviewed by:

Name: Ezire Lilian Chinwe

Description: A highly motivated and licensed biomedical scientist with over 7 years of experience, dedicated to advancing healthcare through innovative research and analysis. Expertise includes genetics, microbiology, and immunology with a commitment to staying at the forefront of scientific advancements.

Link: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lilian-ezire-3ba4b2215/

Enlarged Prostate: Things to Avoid for Better Health

An enlarged prostate, medically known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a common condition that affects many men, particularly as they age. This enlargement of the prostate gland can lead to various urinary symptoms and discomfort. Managing an enlarged prostate is essential for a better quality of life, and avoiding certain habits and substances can significantly contribute to symptom relief.

enlarged prostate

Lifestyle and Dietary Choices

Living with an enlarged prostate often involves making conscious choices regarding your lifestyle and dietary habits. By avoiding certain triggers and making healthier choices, you can alleviate the symptoms associated with BPH. Here are some key considerations:

A. Avoid Excessive Caffeine:

Impact of caffeine on BPH symptoms: Caffeine is a diuretic, which can lead to increased urgency and frequency of urination. It may worsen BPH symptoms.

Recommended daily caffeine intake: Limit your caffeine intake, especially in the evening, to reduce the need for nighttime trips to the bathroom.

B. Limit Alcohol Consumption:

How alcohol can exacerbate BPH symptoms: Alcohol can irritate the bladder and increase urinary frequency. Reducing alcohol intake can alleviate BPH symptoms.

Safe alcohol limits: If you choose to consume alcohol, do so in moderation, and be aware of how it affects your urinary patterns.

C. Watch Your Fluid Intake Before Bedtime:

Reducing nighttime urination: Limit your fluid intake, especially beverages, a few hours before bedtime to minimize nighttime urination.

Hydration tips: Ensure you stay hydrated during the day but taper off in the evening, striking a balance to avoid dehydration and frequent nighttime trips to the bathroom.

D. Be Mindful of Spicy and Acidic Foods:

Foods that can irritate the urinary tract: Spicy and acidic foods, like hot peppers and citrus fruits, may irritate the bladder and worsen BPH symptoms.

Dietary modifications: Adjust your diet to minimize the consumption of these foods or consume them in moderation to prevent discomfort.

E. Avoid Large Meals Close to Bedtime:

Reducing pressure on the bladder: Large meals can put pressure on the bladder, increasing the urge to urinate at night. Avoid heavy or spicy meals close to bedtime.

Tips for meal timing: Opt for light, well-balanced meals earlier in the evening and avoid eating right before bedtime to minimize nighttime disruptions.

By making thoughtful choices in your dietary and lifestyle habits, you can significantly reduce the impact of an enlarged prostate on your daily life. These adjustments, combined with medical guidance, can help you manage your BPH symptoms more effectively.

Medication and Over-the-Counter Products

enlarged prostate 2
enlarged prostate

Managing an enlarged prostate often involves being cautious about the medications and over-the-counter (OTC) products you use. Some substances can exacerbate BPH symptoms or interact negatively with prescribed treatments. Here’s what to consider:

A. Avoid Decongestants and Antihistamines:

How these drugs can worsen BPH symptoms: Decongestants and antihistamines can constrict the urethra, making it more challenging to urinate and worsening BPH symptoms.

Safer alternatives for congestion relief: Opt for saline nasal sprays or non-drowsy, BPH-friendly antihistamines under the guidance of your healthcare provider.

B. Be Cautious with Cold and Allergy Medications:

Review of medication labels: Read the labels of cold and allergy medications carefully, as some may contain decongestants and antihistamines that can exacerbate BPH symptoms.

Consulting a healthcare professional: Before taking any OTC cold or allergy medication, consult your doctor or pharmacist to ensure it is safe for your condition.

C. Discuss Medications with Your Doctor:

Importance of informing your healthcare provider: It is essential to communicate with your healthcare provider about all medications you are taking, including prescription and OTC drugs. They can assess potential interactions and recommend alternatives.

Medication alternatives and adjustments: Your doctor may adjust your medications or recommend alternatives that are more suitable for your BPH condition, ensuring they do not worsen your symptoms.

Being aware of the potential effects of medications and OTC products on your enlarged prostate is vital for symptom management. Open communication with your healthcare provider can help you make informed choices and ensure that the substances you use do not worsen your BPH symptoms.

Physical Activity and Exercise

enlarged prostate 3
enlarged prostate

Maintaining an active lifestyle is crucial for overall health, but when you have an enlarged prostate (BPH), it’s important to be mindful of the types and intensity of physical activities you engage in. Here are some considerations for managing BPH through exercise and physical activity:

A. Avoid Prolonged Periods of Sitting:

Impact of a sedentary lifestyle on BPH: Extended periods of sitting can lead to increased pressure on the prostate, worsening BPH symptoms.

Incorporating movement into your day: Make an effort to stand up, stretch, and walk around regularly, especially if you have a job that involves sitting for long hours.

B. Be Careful with Strenuous Exercises:

Understanding the effects of heavy lifting: Intense and strenuous exercises, such as heavy lifting, can strain the pelvic muscles and worsen BPH symptoms.

Safe exercise alternatives: Opt for low-impact exercises like walking, swimming, or cycling. These activities are less likely to put additional stress on the prostate.

C. Consider Kegel Exercises:

Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles: Kegel exercises can help strengthen the muscles around the prostate and improve urinary control.

How to perform Kegel exercises: Consult your healthcare provider to learn how to perform Kegel exercises correctly, as they can be beneficial in managing BPH symptoms.

Balancing physical activity and exercise is essential for maintaining a healthy lifestyle, even with an enlarged prostate. By making the right choices and being mindful of your exercise routine, you can help alleviate BPH symptoms and improve your overall well-being. It’s advisable to discuss your exercise plan with a healthcare professional to ensure it aligns with your specific condition and needs.

enlarged prostate 1
enlarged prostate

Stress Management

Stress can exacerbate the symptoms of an enlarged prostate (BPH) and negatively impact your overall well-being. Effective stress management is essential for managing BPH symptoms. Here are some strategies to help you alleviate stress:

A. Avoid Excessive Stress:

The connection between stress and BPH symptoms: High stress levels can lead to increased urinary urgency and frequency, making BPH symptoms more pronounced.

Stress reduction techniques: Identify sources of stress in your life and take steps to reduce or eliminate them. This might involve adjusting your work-life balance, seeking support, or practicing relaxation techniques.

B. Practice Relaxation Methods:

Breathing exercises: Deep breathing techniques can help you calm your nervous system and reduce stress. Practice slow, deep breaths when you’re feeling tense.

Meditation and mindfulness: Engage in meditation or mindfulness exercises to promote relaxation, decrease anxiety, and improve your ability to manage stress.

Stress management is an integral part of managing BPH symptoms and maintaining overall health. Reducing stress can lead to improvements in your quality of life and help you cope with the challenges that come with an enlarged prostate. It’s essential to explore stress reduction techniques that work best for you and make them a regular part of your routine.

Smoking and Tobacco Use

Smoking and tobacco use have adverse effects on both overall health and the symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate (BPH). If you have an enlarged prostate, it’s highly recommended to quit smoking and avoid tobacco products. Here’s why:

A. Quit Smoking:

How smoking worsens BPH symptoms: Smoking is associated with increased inflammation and can aggravate urinary symptoms and prostate-related issues.

Smoking cessation resources: Seek support from healthcare professionals, smoking cessation programs, or quitlines to quit smoking. The benefits of quitting can extend to improved BPH management and overall health.

B. Avoid Tobacco Use:

Negative impact of tobacco products: Other forms of tobacco use, such as chewing tobacco and snuff, can also negatively affect prostate health and exacerbate BPH symptoms.

Exploring alternatives: If you’re looking for alternatives to cope with stress or habit, consider healthier options like chewing gum, engaging in physical activity, or practicing relaxation techniques.

Quitting smoking and avoiding all forms of tobacco is a critical step in managing BPH and maintaining good health. It’s not only beneficial for your prostate but for your entire well-being. Consult with healthcare professionals or support groups to help you quit smoking successfully and create a smoke-free environment.


Managing an enlarged prostate (BPH) involves making conscious choices in various aspects of your life. By avoiding certain triggers and making healthier decisions, you can alleviate symptoms and improve your overall well-being. Remember that these guidelines are general recommendations, and consulting with a healthcare professional for personalized advice is crucial in effectively managing BPH.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Can an enlarged prostate be cured?

No, BPH cannot be cured, but its symptoms can be effectively managed through lifestyle changes, medications, or medical procedures.

Are dietary changes essential for managing BPH?

Yes, dietary modifications, including limiting caffeine, alcohol, and certain foods, can help alleviate BPH symptoms.

Can exercise worsen BPH symptoms?

Strenuous exercises and prolonged periods of sitting can exacerbate BPH symptoms, but low-impact activities and Kegel exercises can be beneficial.

What’s the link between stress and BPH?

Stress can exacerbate BPH symptoms by increasing urinary urgency and frequency. Effective stress management is vital for symptom relief.

How does smoking affect BPH?

Smoking can worsen BPH symptoms and contribute to inflammation. Quitting smoking is essential for improved BPH management.


Medical News Today www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/321079

Healthline www.healthline.com/health/prostate-cancer/foods-to-avoid-for-prostate-health

Medically Reviewed by:

Name: Ezire Lilian Chinwe

Description: A highly motivated and licensed biomedical scientist with over 7 years of experience, dedicated to advancing healthcare through innovative research and analysis. Expertise includes genetics, microbiology, and immunology with a commitment to staying at the forefront of scientific advancements.

Link: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lilian-ezire-3ba4b2215/


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