Home ENTERTAINMENT Nigeria We Hail Thee: A Comprehensive Analysis

Nigeria We Hail Thee: A Comprehensive Analysis

Nigeria, we hail thee, Our own dear native land, Though tribes and tongues may differ In brotherhood we stand, Nigerians all, are proud to serve Our sovereign Motherland. Nigeria We Hail Thee: A Comprehensive Analysis

Nigeria We Hail Thee: A Comprehensive Analysis

Key Takeaways

Nigeria, We Hail Thee” was Nigeria’s first national anthem, adopted at independence in 1960. It was replaced in 1978 by “Arise, O Compatriots” but was readopted in 2024 through controversy. The anthem’s lyrics, written by Lillian Jean Williams, reflect Nigeria’s diversity and unity, but have also faced criticism. The anthem symbolizes Nigeria’s historical journey and contemporary identity.


  • Introduction: Overview of “Nigeria, We Hail Thee” and its historical context.
  • History: Detailed history of the anthem from 1960 to its readoption in 2024.
  • Lyrics and Meaning: Analysis of the lyrics and their significance.
  • National Pledge: The role and importance of Nigeria’s national pledge.
  • Criticism and Controversy: Examination of the criticisms faced by the anthem in both historical and modern contexts.
  • Cultural Impact: The anthem’s influence on Nigerian culture and identity.
  • Political Perspectives: Statements from political figures on the anthem’s readoption.
  • Conclusion: Reflection on the anthem’s place in Nigeria’s national identity.


“Nigeria, We Hail Thee” holds a special place in Nigeria’s history as the country’s first national anthem. Adopted on October 1, 1960, at the dawn of independence, the anthem was a symbol of national pride and unity. The lyrics were penned by Lillian Jean Williams, a British expatriate, while the music was composed by Frances Benda. This anthem was used until 1978 when it was replaced by “Arise, O Compatriots.” However, in 2024, amid much debate and controversy, “Nigeria, We Hail Thee” was readopted as the national anthem.


Adoption in 1960

On October 1, 1960, Nigeria celebrated its independence from British colonial rule. As part of the celebrations, “Nigeria, We Hail Thee” was officially adopted as the national anthem. The lyrics, written by Lillian Jean Williams, aimed to reflect the unity and diversity of Nigeria. Frances Benda’s composition provided a solemn yet uplifting melody that resonated with the spirit of the new nation.

Replacement in 1978

In 1978, the national anthem was changed to “Arise, O Compatriots.” The decision was part of a broader effort to reflect Nigeria’s evolving identity and aspirations. “Arise, O Compatriots” was seen as a call to action, urging Nigerians to build a stronger, united nation.

Readoption in 2024

On May 23, 2024, the National Assembly passed a bill to readopt “Nigeria, We Hail Thee” as the national anthem. The bill, signed into law by President Bola Tinubu on May 29, 2024, stirred considerable controversy. Critics argued that the change was unnecessary and reflected misplaced priorities.

Lyrics and Meaning

The lyrics of “Nigeria, We Hail Thee” are simple yet profound, reflecting themes of unity, justice, and national pride.

Verse I: Nigeria, we hail thee, Our own dear native land, Though tribes and tongues may differ In brotherhood we stand, Nigerians all, are proud to serve Our sovereign Motherland.

Verse II: Our flag shall be a symbol That truth and justice reign, In peace or battle honour’d, And this we count as gain, To hand on to our children A banner without stain.

Verse III: O God of all creation, Grant this our one request. Help us to build a nation Where no man is oppressed, And so with peace and plenty Nigeria may be blessed.

Analysis of the Lyrics

  • Verse I: Emphasizes unity in diversity, highlighting the different tribes and tongues but stressing the importance of brotherhood.
  • Verse II: Focuses on the values of truth and justice, and the aspiration to pass on a legacy of honor to future generations.
  • Verse III: A prayer for divine assistance in building a nation free from oppression, blessed with peace and plenty.

National Pledge

The Nigerian pledge of allegiance is recited immediately after the national anthem. Written by Felicia Adebola Adeyoyin in 1976, the pledge reinforces the values of loyalty, service, and unity.

English Original: I pledge to Nigeria, my country To be faithful, loyal and honest To serve Nigeria with all my strength To defend her unity and uphold her honour and glory So help me, God.


Language Pledge
Hausa Na yi wa ƙasata Najeriya alƙawari<br>Zan zama mai amana, mai aminci da gaskiya<br>Zan yiwa Najeriya hidima da dukkan ƙarfina<br>Zan kare hadin kan ta da kuma kare mutuncin ta da daukakar ta<br>A kokarin yin haka Allah ka taimake ni.
Yoruba Mo ṣeleri fun Nàìjíríà orilẹ-ede mi<br>Lati jẹ ol loyaltọ aduroṣinṣin ati otitọ<br>Lati fi gbogbo ipa sin Nigeria<br>Lati daabobo isokan rẹ<br>Ki o si gbe iyi ati ogo rẹ ga<br>Nitorina ran mi lọwọ Ọlọrun.
Tyap N da̱p a̱nu ma̱ng Naijeriya, a̱byin nung ka.<br>N nyia̱ a̱cucuk, n nwuak a̱pyia̱ nung, n nyia̱ tsotswat.<br>N nyia̱ Naijeriya ta̱m ma̱ng a̱lyia̱ a̱nyiung.<br>N cok mun a̱pyia̱ nji hu.<br>A̱wot, n di̱n a̱ma shi nji hu ma̱ng yet nji hu,<br>Mat a̱nia, A̱gwaza beang nung.

Criticism and Controversy

When “Nigeria, We Hail Thee” was first adopted, it faced criticism from various quarters. The Yoruba organization Egbé Ọmọ Odùduwà’s newspaper, The Daily Service, campaigned against the anthem, leading to the formation of a committee to petition for its replacement. The criticism stemmed from a sense of inadequacy in capturing the true essence of Nigeria’s diversity and aspirations.

Modern Controversy (2024)

The readoption of “Nigeria, We Hail Thee” in 2024 was met with significant controversy. Critics argued that the decision was made without adequate consultation and reflected misplaced priorities. Former Education Minister Oby Ezekwesili criticized the anthem’s suitability, pointing out the use of words like “native land” and “tribes” which she deemed pejorative.

Despite the criticism, some political figures defended the readoption. Mohammed Tahir Monguno, chair of the parliamentary committee that pushed through the change, described the move as “apt, timely and important.” President Bola Tinubu echoed this sentiment, stating that the anthem symbolized Nigeria’s diversity and rich heritage.

Cultural Impact

“Nigeria, We Hail Thee” has always been more than just an anthem. It is a symbol of Nigeria’s journey towards unity and self-determination. The anthem’s emphasis on brotherhood and unity in diversity resonates deeply in a country with over 250 ethnic groups.

The anthem is also a significant part of Nigeria’s educational system. Schoolchildren across the country recite the anthem daily, instilling a sense of national pride and unity from a young age.

During national celebrations and state functions, “Nigeria, We Hail Thee” is performed, reminding citizens of their shared history and collective future.

Political Perspectives

Mohammed Tahir Monguno played a vital role in the anthem’s readoption. He argued that the change was necessary to reconnect with Nigeria’s historical roots and celebrate its diverse cultural heritage.

President Bola Tinubu also supported the readoption, emphasizing that the anthem represents Nigeria’s rich diversity and collective aspirations.

Critics like Oby Ezekwesili and Aisha Yesufu argue that the readoption is a step backward. They believe that “Arise, O Compatriots” better captures the contemporary spirit of Nigeria and its forward-looking aspirations.


“Nigeria, We Hail Thee” is more than just a national anthem; it is a reflection of Nigeria’s historical journey, cultural diversity, and collective aspirations. Its readoption in 2024, while controversial, highlights the enduring relevance of the themes of unity, justice, and national pride embedded in its lyrics. As Nigeria continues to evolve, the anthem serves as a reminder of the nation’s rich heritage and the enduring values that bind its people together.


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