Home Health Acne and its treatment

Acne and its treatment

Acne and its treatment

Medically Reviewed by:

Name: Ezire Lilian Chinwe

Description: A highly motivated and licensed biomedical scientist with over 7 years of experience, dedicated to advancing healthcare through innovative research and analysis. Expertise includes genetics, microbiology, and immunology with a commitment to staying at the forefront of scientific advancements.

Link: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lilian-ezire-3ba4b2215/

Acne and its Treatment

Acne is a common skin condition that affects people of all ages, causing not only physical discomfort but also impacting self-esteem. This article aims to delve into the intricacies of acne, exploring its causes, types, and most importantly, effective treatment options. Whether you’re a teenager battling acne for the first time or an adult dealing with persistent breakouts, understanding the nuances of this skin condition is crucial for finding the right solution.


Different type of acne

Although the term “breakout” is commonly used to describe all types of acne, it is not always an accurate descriptor. Acne does not always spread across the skin.

Acne is caused by clogged pores. This could be attributed to:

Excessive oil production (sebum), germs, hormones, dead skin cells, and ingrown hairs
Acne is typically related with hormonal shifts occurring throughout adolescence, although acne can occur in adults as well.

The following are the types of acne:

  1. Noninflammatory
  2. Inflammatory

Within these 2 categories, there are subtypes of acne:

  • Whiteheads
  • Blackheads
  • Papules
  • Pustules
  • Nodules
  • Cysts


Blackheads and whiteheads are examples of noninflammatory acne. As a rule, these don’t produce swells. Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are also effective in treating them.

As a general acne treatment, salicylic acid is often promoted. However, it works best on noninflammatory acne. Blackheads and whiteheads can be prevented by using a product that naturally exfoliates the skin. Cleansers, toners, and moisturizers all contain it.


Inflammatory acne is a term used to describe pimples that are red and swollen in appearance.

Although sebum and dead skin cells have a part in the development of inflammatory acne, bacteria can also contribute to the blocking of pores. Deep beneath the skin’s surface, bacteria can cause an infection to develop. In some cases, this might result in painful acne spots that are difficult to remove.

Products containing benzoyl peroxide may aid in the reduction of swelling and the elimination of germs from the skin. These are also effective at removing excess sebum. Along with benzoyl peroxide, your doctor may prescribe an oral or topical antibiotic to treat the inflammatory acne that has developed in your skin. Additionally, topical retionoids are an important component in the treatment of inflammatory papules and pustules.


Papules form when the lining of your pores breaks down as a result of chronic inflammation. As a result, the skin develops rough, tender-feeling pores. The skin around these pores tends to be a light pink color.


It is also possible for pustules to grow as the walls of your pores weaken. Pustules, as opposed to papules, contain pus. It is common for these pimples to be red in color and to come out of the skin. The tops of their heads are frequently golden or white.


Nodules form when enlarged, blocked pores are repeatedly irritated and subsequently swell further. Nodules are deeper beneath the skin than pustules and papules.

Nodules can’t usually be treated at home because they’re so deep in the skin. To get rid of them, you’ll need to use a prescription medication.

Most likely, you’ll be prescribed the drug isotretinoin (Sotret) by a dermatologist or doctor . Taken for four to six months, this is a vitamin A derivative. By reducing the size of oil glands within the pores, it can both treat and prevent nodules.


Bacteria, sebum, and dead skin cells can all contribute to clogged pores, which can lead to cysts forming on the skin. The clogs are located deeper in the skin than nodules, often several millimeters.

Large red or white pimples on the skin can be very painful if touched. Large cysts are the most common kind of acne and are almost always the outcome of an extremely virulent infection. Acne of this sort leaves the greatest scars.

Cysts are usually treated with the drug isotretinoin (Sotret), which is available only by prescription. Surgical removal of a cyst is an option if the cyst is really bothersome to you or your dermatologist.

Acne and its treatment 1

How severe is acne

Acne is characterized by the presence of blackheads and whiteheads. Topical drugs available over-the-counter, such as salicylic acid-based toners and benzoyl-peroxide spot treatments, can occasionally help to clean up the problem.

Acne with pustules and papules is a more moderate variant of the condition. These may or may not be alleviated by over-the-counter medications.

When it comes to acne, nodules and cysts are the most severe manifestations. It is necessary to consult with a dermatologist in order to get rid of severe acne.

Acne skin care products can be divided into three categories:

  • Acne-prevention or acne-treatment products
  • Acne skin care products available over the counter
  • Acne skin care products available on prescription

Acne prevention is achieved through the use of generic acne skin care products. Cleansers, make-up removers, and other acne-prevention treatments fall under this category. In reality, these acne skin care products are simply ones that should be included in your everyday routine anyhow. Some of these, on the other hand, are designed to be used as acne skin care products.

These acne skin care treatments work to combat the causes of acne, such as decreasing sebum/oil production and preventing skin congestion. These acne skin care treatments work by preventing oil from becoming stuck in pores and thereby inhibiting the growth of germs that cause acne. Exfoliation products, such as skin peels, are included in the general acne skin care products. These function to remove dead skin cells, minimizing the chances of pore obstruction and bacterium formation.

Then there are specialized acne skin care products that are accessible without a prescription, or over-the-counter. These include items such as vanishing lotions, which remove excess oil from the skin. The majority of these acne skin care treatments contain benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid, two antibacterial ingredients (and hence acne). Start with a product with a lesser concentration of benzoyl peroxide (for example, 5%) and see how your skin reacts.

Moisturizers based on alpha-hydroxy acids are also popular acne skin care treatments. You may need to test a few different acne skin care products before you find one that works for you. If nothing seems to be working, see a dermatologist.

Acne skin care treatments that are prescribed by a dermatologist are called on-prescription acne skin care products. This can include ointments for application to the afflicted area, oral antibiotics, or any other topical treatment. A dermatologist may also recommend a modest surgical operation to remove pustule contents. However, never try to squeeze or do this on your own because it might cause irreversible skin harm.

A hormone-based treatment could potentially be prescribed by your doctor (since hormonal changes are also known to cause acne). In some circumstances, such acne skin care products are reported to be quite beneficial.
So, with all of those acne skin care treatments available, getting rid of acne isn’t so difficult.

Acne and its treatment

Meaning of acne on chin

What does acne on chin mean?

The worst type of acne is chin acne, which is characterized by large, painful pimples that recur. They can crawl up the jawline and multiply in an instant.

Hormones are the most common cause of chin acne, making it appear as though you have no control over the situation. Is that the case? It turns out that educating yourself and taking the proper steps toward a chin acne-specific skincare program might help a lot. We spoke with board-certified dermatologists and renowned skincare experts to learn more about what causes chin acne, how to cure it, and how to avoid it in the first place.

Causes of Chin Acne 

Cystic acne on the chin and jawline is usually caused by hormones. When hormone levels rise, so does sebum production. Sebum is an oil, and it’s what’s producing your chin’s hormonal acne. Teens’ hormone production is in overdrive, making them more prone to this type of acne. Acne flare-ups are also frequent in women of all ages throughout the month as a result of their menstrual cycle (and the hormonal fluctuations that come along with that).

Treatment of Chin Acne

  • Birth control medications, according to Dr. Kassouf, can help women keep their acne under control. However, some hormonal birth control might exacerbate breakouts, so consult your doctor to discover one that works for you rather than against you.
  • Sulfur: Sulfur-based topical therapies can help to lessen the inflammation of deep acne. They come in both over-the-counter and prescription forms.
  • Retinoids: This super-acne-fighting ingredient can also assist with hormonal acne.

ways to prevent acne on your face

  • Keep your face clean by washing it once a day with a light cleanser.
  • Foaming cleansers are preferable than lotion cleansers, according to Dr. Kassouf, since the suds are better at lifting oils and grime from the skin.
  • Exfoliate gently: If you scrub too hard, you risk irritating your skin and exacerbating acne. “Use exfoliating brushes or scrubs no more than once or twice a week.” “If you’re irritated, back off,” she advises.
  • Makeup brushes should be washed on a regular basis since they can become clogged with bacteria and oils, contributing to clogged pores. Shampoo them once or twice a week with a moderate, fragrance-free shampoo.
  • Consult a dermatologist about prescription-only topical treatments.
    Sometimes a prescription-strength substance is required to complete the task. “If the condition of your skin does not improve after a few weeks, see your dermatologist for a prescription. Topicals may include benzoyl peroxide (at a prescription strength), topical antibiotics, topical retinoids (such as Tazorac or Retin-A), or topical dapsone (such as Aczone). Differin, a popular retinoid that was previously exclusively available by prescription, is now available at a drugstore price. They may also recommend oral antibiotics, hormonal treatments, or isotretinoin in severe situations “Dr. Zeichner agrees.

Acne in the ear

Skin cells, hair cells, and oil-producing glands can all be found in the outer ear and external ear canal, which is all it takes for a pimple to form.

When a pore becomes clogged with dead skin cells and sebum, the natural oil that protects and moisturizes the skin, pimples emerge.

Pimples can be caused by bacteria or dirt entering the ear, thus anything that introduces bacteria or dirt into the ear can induce pimples.

Pimples in the ear can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • The presence of dirt or dust in one’s surroundings
  • Glands in the ear that produce an excessive amount of oil
  • Sharing a pair of earbuds with another individual
  • Using earphones or headphones that are contaminated.
  • Sticking items in one’s ear, including one’s own fingers
  • Swimmer’s ear, also known as otitis externa, is caused by contact with filthy water.
  • Stress levels have increased.
  • Hormonal imbalances, such as those experienced during puberty,
  • The condition of piercings that have grown filthy or diseased
  • Long periods of time spent wearing caps or helmets are discouraged.
  • Allergies to hair or beauty products that get into the ear canal are a possibility.

Acne as a sign of pregnancy

Pregnancy acne, sometimes known as pimples, is no different from the acne you get when you’re not pregnant. They are simply regular acne and are a natural component of the pregnancy process. It is quite typical for pregnant women to get acne or pimples on their faces.

During pregnancy, some women may experience acne breakouts or other skin problems. It is tough to identify which acne treatment method is the safest for you to use. There are drugs available, however it is always a good idea to see your doctor before taking anything. For the most part, these acne-related breakouts or pimples are only brief and disappear shortly after childbirth.

When you’re pregnant, you’re more likely to get acne. Pregnancy can either enhance or worsen the severity of acne. A prescription may not be necessary if the acne is mild, but if it is severe, you should seek medical assistance. Acne is caused by an increase in androgen (a type of hormone) during pregnancy. Women who have previously developed acne during their pregnancies are more likely to develop acne during pregnancy.

Is acne a pregnancy symptom?

No, not always. Although the sudden appearance of acne may be an early symptom of pregnancy, this may not be the case for everyone. Just because you’re breaking out doesn’t mean you’re pregnant. There could be a number of different causes for the breakout. Acne on its alone should not be seen as a symptom of pregnancy. It is usually a good idea to get a pregnancy test.

When does pregnant acne begin to appear?

In the course of a pregnancy, acne can emerge at any time. This is due to the fact that the androgen level remains high during pregnancy, resulting in increased oil production. Acne is most likely to occur during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. However, it is possible that it will worsen throughout the third trimester. This is the period of year when androgen levels are at their highest levels.

Additionally, it varies from person to person. In a few instances, the growth can be quite mild, but in others, it may result in significant breakouts. Acne flare-ups during pregnancy can be caused by a variety of circumstances, including previous acne history. If you haven’t gotten pimples by the third trimester, there is a strong probability that you will not get them later on.

How long does acne during pregnancy last?

There is no specific time frame for when the pregnant acne will go away completely. This varies from case to instance, especially in the case of those who have a history of pre-existing acne. It is also possible that acne or pimples that emerged during the first trimester will subside during the second and resurface during the third trimester if you are pregnant.

Pregnancy acne may appear and disappear throughout your pregnancy, or it may persist throughout the duration of your pregnancy. As hormone levels and immunity have returned to normal after childbirth, it is more likely that your pregnant acne will disappear.

How does pregnant acne appear?

As with typical pimples, these are small rashy lumps on the skin. They are typically red or pink in color and are quite sensitive to touch. Additionally, they can appear as blackheads or whiteheads.

What is the location of pregnancy acne?

When it comes to pregnant acne, there’s no such thing as a precise location. You can find them on your face, neck, chest and back most often. Pimples can appear on any region of the body, even in places where you’ve never had them before.

What acne treatments are safe for pregnant women?

Despite the fact that certain acne can be treated at home, you should always check your doctor and plan regular appointments before beginning the treatments. Everything you put on your skin is absorbed and can have an impact on your unborn child. Everyone’s skin type is unique, and a single solution may not work for everyone.

Pregnant women should avoid taking medication since it can harm the fetus. However, if the condition worsens, it can be addressed by following your doctor’s instructions. There are, however, some natural methods for treating pregnant acne. Acne can be prevented and reduced by following these simple and safe guidelines:

  • Make sure to drink enough of water in order to flush out toxins from your system.
  • Some soaps are really abrasive on the skin. To keep your skin clean, try to use a cleanser that is free of soap, oil, and alcohol, and cleanse it twice a day.
  • Keep acne from becoming inflamed or squeezing or picking at it, since this could make it worse or leave a scar.
  • Consume foods that are high in vitamin A since vitamin A helps to lower the amount of sebum or oil produced by your body.
  • Apply coconut oil on your face; this will aid in the soothing and moisturizing of your skin’s appearance. Additionally, it is extremely mild on the skin.
  • You should shampoo your hair every day if you have greasy hair and keep your hair away from your face if you have facial hair.
  • Processed foods with a high concentration of refined sugars should be avoided. Consume nutritious and wholesome foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Keep an eye on what is coming into contact with your skin because it may enhance the likelihood of bacterial growth. Take extra precautions to protect your skin.
  • Makeup should be applied with oil-free products. Before going to bed, make sure to remove and wipe your makeup thoroughly.
  • Maintain a regular sleeping schedule.

Acne in face meaning

  • “Pomade acne” refers to acne that appears around your hairline on your forehead. Pomades are found in hair products that are thick and often contain mineral oil. This chemical prevents our hair follicles’ natural oil, or sebum, from escaping. A pimple is caused by this obstruction.If you’re always getting pimples around your hairline, the best thing you can do is stop using the pomade, wash your face after application, or use a clarifying shampoo on a regular basis.
  • It’s not simply feces that’s a problem. On top of that, there’s a good chance you have E. coli and other microorganisms on your phone as well. And every time you bring your phone close to your face, you’re introducing bacteria to your skin, which could lead to more acne. Dirty phones, pillows, and other habits such as touching one’s face are all known to cause persistent acne on one side of the face.Cleaning your smartphone with a disinfectant wipe on a regular basis can help to reduce the number of breakouts. If you’re on the phone a lot for work, you might want to consider investing in a Bluetooth headset. Change your pillowcases at minimum one time in a week.
  • A disruption with your endocrine system is often the cause of chin and jawline acne, which is a result of hormonal changes, according to the source. In most cases, it is caused by an overabundance of androgens, which overstimulate the oil glands and block pores. It is possible for hormone levels to spike during a menstrual cycle (a week before your period) or as a result of a change in the introduction of birth control pills.Hormone imbalances can be caused by a variety of factors, including nutrition. Although you may have heard that nutrition has an impact on acne, research have shown that there is only a small association.

Cause of acne on chest

Acne can arise at any age, especially on the chest. The majority of people will be affected by an outbreak at a certain stage of life. However, it primarily affects people during their teens and early adulthood. The cause behind this isn’t completely obvious. Changes in hormone levels, according to experts, are most likely to blame. It is not caused by poor hygiene or filthy skin. In fact, over-cleansing the skin, as well as utilizing harsh cleansers and abrasive exfoliants, can aggravate the condition. When it comes to chest acne, friction from clothing and excessive sweating can both lead to breakouts.


  1. Healthline
  2. Mayo Clinic – Acne

Medically Reviewed by:

Name: Ezire Lilian Chinwe

Description: A highly motivated and licensed biomedical scientist with over 7 years of experience, dedicated to advancing healthcare through innovative research and analysis. Expertise includes genetics, microbiology, and immunology with a commitment to staying at the forefront of scientific advancements.

Link: https://www.linkedin.com/in/lilian-ezire-3ba4b2215/

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